A sperm genetic test can be used to assess the damage associated with the infertility.
Surprisingly, high Sperm DFI can be seen in men with normal sperm parameters. This test is performed on the semen sample and would have to abstain for 2-5 days prior. The results might be available usually in three to four weeks’ time.
Men with high Sperm DFI can consider making lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, abstaining from alcohol or recreational drugs, moderate caffeine intake, and other dietary changes.
They can also consider taking supplements that provide, zinc, selenium, lycopene, vitamin C, vitamin E, acetyl carnitine etc. It usually takes few months of lifestyle changes to notice an improvement in the sperm DFI.
It is also important to remember that some men may not see improvement in the DFI score despite lifestyle changes and antioxidant supplements.
What is sperm aneuploidy?
The term aneuploidy refers to the abnormal number of chromosome (structure inside the cell that carries genes). Nearly 2 to 13% of all sperm in the ejaculate can be genetically abnormal even in fertile men. However, this is increased in men whose partners are having difficulties in conceiving.
Sometimes, abnormalities with this test can be seen in men with normal basic semen analysis. This test is performed on the semen sample and the results may take approximately a fortnight. This test tells us the abnormalities with chromosome 13, 18, 21 and sex chromosome X and Y.
Some of these abnormalities might be reversed by introducing lifestyle changes, but the majority of these are irreversible. It would be advisable to speak to your specialist to understand your treatment options.